Acromioclavicular Joint Pain Among Secondary School Students In Lahore, Pakistan
JRCRS-2020-11-037 DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.53389/JRCRS.2021090107
Background: The education system in Pakistan put many questions among which one is impact of bag carrying practice which every student has to undergo. When it comes to musculoskeletal problems, acromioclavicular joint pathology that was assumed to be among top of list that can be resulted due to routine weight on shoulder even school bag. The current study was done to dig out the facts associated with it, particularly acromioclavicular joint pathology.
Objective: The objective was to determine acromioclavicular joint pain among secondary school students.
Methodology: Data was collected from different 370 secondary school students. The convenience sample technique was used followed by cluster sampling technique for selection of schools. The self designed questionnaire was used with combination of Paxinos test, SAC test and Visual Analogue scale (VAS). as data collection tool. The data was analyzed in SPSS 20.0. The study time period was seven months.
Results: Results regarding location of shoulder pain showed there were 16.2% students complaining unilateral shoulder pain, 10% bilateral shoulder pain and 73.8% were not feeling any pain in shoulders. History of onset of shoulder pain showed 13.5% of students were having pain from more than 30 days, 12.7% from less than 30 days while rest of 73.8% were not complaining pain. Results regarding sitting showed that 73% students were sitting on bench, 17% on single arm chair and 10% were sitting in double arm chair. Paxinos Test was positive in 21.4% for right shoulder and 5.9% for left shoulder. SAC test was positive in 16.8% students for right shoulder and 6.8 for left shoulder. Numeric Pain Rating Scale showed overall mild pain or discomfort in 86.8% students and 13.2% students with moderate pain.
Conclusion: There found mild level of acromioclavicular joint pain in bag carrying secondary school student where right shoulder found affected in comparison to left shoulder. Furthermore, the bag weight to body weight ratio was above the minimum recommended guidelines.
Key Words: School bag, bag-packs, physical therapy, secondary school, adolescent
- 2021-06-11 (2)
- 2021-06-11 (1)
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 All Articles are made available under a Creative Commons "Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International" license. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/). Copyrights on any open access article published by Journal Riphah college of Rehabilitation Science (JRCRS) are retained by the author(s). Authors retain the rights of free downloading/unlimited e-print of full text and sharing/disseminating the article without any restriction, by any means; provided the article is correctly cited. JRCRS does not allow commercial use of the articles published. All articles published represent the view of the authors and do not reflect the official policy of JRCRS.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.